Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The article is devoted to the study of legal norms regulating the service of special units, which were entrusted with the protection of the emperors of the Russian Empire and members of the august family from assassination attempts in the period from 1881 to 1917, that is, from the moment of death of Alexander II at the hands of revolutionary terrorists until the moment of liquidation of the imperial power. These werethe Security agents and secret security units, acting behind the scenes. The operational-search techniques used by these units were developed by highly qualified specialists, heads of outdoor surveillance services, but it was for the first time when they were used for the purposes of personal protection and required practical training and gaining experience. It is also very important to compare the development of legal regulation of the protection of the sovereign in time; for this three documents of 1883, 1887 and 1913 were studied. The research is based on dialectical, formal-legal and comparative-legal methods, which made it possible to determine the recommended procedure for all participants in security measures, to identify the general and specific matters in the documents, to show the practical experience of protecting the highest persons. The result of the protection is the absence of attempted terrorist acts against the imperial family. This made it possible to draw a conclusion about the effectiveness of protection, that is, the adequacy of the measures taken. In spite of the repeated requests of researchers to this subject under examination, such analysis was not made by them, therefore this article is an attempt to close one of the gaps in our historical and legal science.

Russian Empire, protection of the Emperor, terrorism, spy, security agents, local agent, guard agent, checkpoint
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